A sizeable diaspora community exists across the world, considerably outnumbering inhabitants on the islands. The fact that the people of Cape Verde have become such a mixture of many different ethnic groups can be explained by the history of the country. Cape Verde music incorporates "African, Portuguese and Brazilian influences. The official name of the archipelago is The Republic of Cabo Verde, most people say Cabo Verde or in English, Cape Verde. Because of the infrequent occurrence of rainfall the landscape is arid. The Carnival and the island of São Vicente are portrayed in the 2015 feature documentary Tchindas, nominated at the 12th Africa Movie Academy Awards. “Sometimes, from a continental African perspective, people think that Cape Verde is too Euro-Atlantic to be Africa; from a European perspective, Cape Verde is too Black-African to be Europe. Nationwide radio stations include RCV, RCV+, Radio Kriola, the religious station Radio Nova. Immediately following the November 1980 coup in Guinea-Bissau, relations between Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau became strained. The world average was 1,083 per million in 2013. The Republic of Cape Verde is an archipelago nation of nine main islands. It has an 8 kilometres (5 miles) diameter caldera, whose rim is 1,600 metres (5,249 feet) altitude and an interior cone that rises to 2,829 metres (9,281 feet) above sea level. [16] Pirates occasionally attacked the Portuguese settlements. Separate courts hear civil, constitutional, and criminal cases. This is not a sum of two cultures living side by side, but a new culture resulting from an exchange that began in the 15th century. Three of the five researchers working in natural sciences were women, as were three of the six social scientists and two of the five researchers from the humanities. The immigrants from the nearby West African coast make up the majority of foreigners in the country. Creole has been gaining prestige since the nation's independence from Portugal. Between 2000 and 2009, real GDP increased on average by over 7 percent a year, well above the average for Sub-Saharan countries and faster than most small island economies in the region. These are referred to as Cape Verde-type hurricanes. One channel is RDP África, the African version of the Portuguese radio station RDP. In 1462, Portuguese settlers arrived at Santiago and founded a settlement they called Ribeira Grande (now called Cidade Velha ("Old City"), to avoid being confused with the town of Ribeira Grande on the Santo Antão island). LOCATION. Magnetic anomalies identified in the vicinity of the archipelago indicate that the structures forming the islands date back 125–150 million years: the islands themselves date from 8 million (in the west) to 20 million years (in the east). Responding to growing pressure for pluralistic democracy, the PAICV called an emergency congress in February 1990 to discuss proposed constitutional changes to end one-party rule. The famous queijo from Santo Antão is the only Cape Verdean product that has won an award at the international event 'Slow Food', back in 2007. “But that isn’t the whole truth.” Legislative elections in December 1995 increased the MPD majority in the National Assembly. [16], In the 16th century, the archipelago prospered from the Atlantic slave trade. In 2011, Cape Verde devoted just 0.07% of its GDP to research and development, among the lowest rates in West Africa. [36], According to the president of Nauru, Cape Verde has been ranked the eighth most endangered nation due to flooding from climate change. The national constitution calls for measures to give it parity with Portuguese. Useful phrases in Cape Verdean Creole. Women and men have always had children from multiple relationships. [16], The two main political parties are PAICV and MPD. Because of their proximity to the Sahara, most of the Cape Verde islands are dry, but on islands with high mountains and farther away from the coast, by orography, the humidity is much higher, providing a rainforest habitat, although much affected by the human presence. . Three parties now hold seats in the National Assembly — MPD (36), PAICV (25) and the Cape Verdean Independent Democratic Union (UCID) (3). They have enlisted in aid of the Revolutionary War, the Civil War, the First and Second World Wars, as well as the Korean and Vietnam Wars. In 2007, Cape Verde joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) and in 2008 the country graduated from Least Developed Country (LDC) to Middle Income Country (MIC) status. The ten volcanic islands in its archipelago have a combined land area of about 4,033 square kilometres (1,557 sq mi). The country is named after the nearby Cap-Vert peninsula, on the Senegalese coast. A collection of useful phrases in Cape Verdean Creole, a Portuguese-based creole spoken mainly in Cape Verde. The PAICV and its predecessor established a one-party system and ruled Cape Verde from independence until 1990.[16]. "Being a Cape Verdean is very, very complex," said Deonilda Rosa, an American-born Cape Verdean who works in the New Bedford office of Rep. Gerry E. Studds (D-Mass.) [16] Its small number of wineries making Portuguese-style wines have traditionally focused on the domestic market, but have recently met with some international acclaim. Textbooks have been made available to 90 percent of school children, and 98 percent of the teachers have attended in-service teacher training. [57], Around 95% of the population are Christian. Source 1: Weatherbase.com (humidity, sun and mean temperature), This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 19:43. Marcelino Manuel da Graça, better known as Charles Manuel "Sweet Daddy" Grace, or Daddy Grace, was the founder and first bishop of the predominantly African-American denomination the United House of Prayer For All People. See these phrases in any combination of two languages in the Phrase Finder. Moving its headquarters to Conakry, Guinea in 1960, the PAIGC began an armed rebellion against Portugal in 1961. Cape Verde has the second best educational system in Africa, after South Africa. Over 65% of the population in the archipelago live in urban centers, and the literacy rate is 89% (i.e., 93,3% among men aged 15 and above and 84,7% among women aged 15 and above) according to the 2017 National Statistics Bureau data. The Cape Verde diet is mostly based on fish and staple foods like corn and rice. Cape Verde's early prosperity slowly vanished. Some people have advocated the development of two standards: a North (Barlavento) standard, centered on the São Vicente Creole, and a South (Sotavento) standard, centered on the Santiago Creole. Of the eight engineers involved in research and development, one was a woman. Beagle round the world - Chapter 1 at Wikisource, top part, "Opposition returns to power in Cape Verde after 15 years", "Cape Verde-EU 'Special Partnership' takes shape", "Cape Verde could seek EU membership this year", "Cape Verde becomes the 119th State to join the Rome Statute system", "Chapter XXVI: Disarmament – No. [33] The traditional walk around the praça (town square) to meet friends is practiced regularly in Cape Verde towns.[33]. [citation needed] Although nearly 35% of the population lives in rural areas, agriculture and fishing contribute only about 9% of GDP. [70] For example, there is insufficient spending on school materials, lunches, and books.[70]. [16] In the late 1970s and 1980s, most African countries prohibited South African Airways from overflights but Cape Verde allowed them and became a centre of activity for the airline's flights to Europe and the United States. But that is also the charm of visiting a foreign country, right!? Portuguese Guinea declared independence in 1973 and was granted de jure independence in 1974. The prime minister is nominated by the National Assembly and appointed by the president. [42] The islands are also an important breeding area for seabirds including the Cape Verde shearwater. According to the house to house census of 2010, there are 4,800 Deaf individuals in Cape Verde. It is also used in newspapers, television, and radio. Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14. Only five of the ten main islands (Santiago, Santo Antão, São Nicolau, Fogo, and Brava) normally support significant agricultural production,[45] and over 90% of all food consumed in Cape Verde is imported. The House of Culture in the center of the city of Praia is called Ildo Lobo House of Culture, in his honor. Yet, there were always influential major land owners, public officials and even high-ranking Catholic priests who co-habited with female slaves and evidently resisted these efforts. “Sometimes the only thing people know about Cova da Moura is the negative side,” said Paulo Cabral, 36, who was born locally to Cape Verdean parents. Cape Verdean people from across the Islands as well as tourists flock to Santa Maria beach and generally camp out on the beach for the duration of the festival. In 1951, Portugal changed Cape Verde's status from a colony to an overseas province in an attempt to blunt growing nationalism. It is believed that Arab sailors were aware of the islands by the tenth or eleventh century. On the one hand, this shows that economic difficulties occur time and again; on the other hand, it is evidence of a strong social structure within the families. The colonial government had repeatedly attempted to prevent the formation of a mixed population in the past. 236,000 of these live on the main island of Santiago. [47]. The total expenditure for health was 7.1% of GDP (2015). Racist discrimination is unknown to the people of Cape Verde. There are smaller harbors, essentially single jetties at Tarrafal on São Nicolau, Sal Rei on Boa Vista, Vila do Maio (Porto Inglês) on Maio, São Filipe on Fogo and Furna on Brava. Endemic birds include Alexander's swift (Apus alexandri), Bourne's heron (Ardea purpurea bournei), the Raso lark (Alauda razae), the Cape Verde warbler (Acrocephalus brevipennis), and the Iago sparrow (Passer iagoensis). African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde, African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, List of countries by Human Development Index#Africa, Learn how and when to remove this template message, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "Constituição da República de Cabo Verde", https://www.britannica.com/place/Cabo-Verde/Religion, "On the Occasion of the Republic of Cabo Verde's National Day", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "Cape Verde Gets New Name: 5 Things to Know About How Maps Change", "Cabo Verde põe fim à tradução da sua designação oficial", Journal of researches into the natural history and geology of the countries visited during the voyage of H.M.S. Since 1991, the government has pursued market-oriented economic policies, including an open welcome to foreign investors and a far-reaching privatization programme. [33] Average daily high temperatures range from 26 °C (79 °F) in February to 31 °C (87.8 °F) in September. [21], Cape Verde follows a policy of nonalignment and seeks cooperative relations with all friendly states. There is a Cape Verdean community in Argentina numbering 8,000. [38] Cape Verde is part of the Sahelian arid belt, with nothing like the rainfall levels of nearby West Africa. Lacking natural resources, its developing economy is mostly service-oriented, with a growing focus on tourism and foreign investment. For other uses, see, "Cabo Verde" redirects here. [16] Angola, Brazil, China, Libya, Cuba, France, Germany, Portugal, Spain, Senegal, Russia, Luxembourg, and the United States maintain embassies in Praia. [16] It demanded improvement in economic, social and political conditions in Cape Verde and Portuguese Guinea and formed the basis of the two nations' independence movement. Opposition groups came together to form the Movement for Democracy (MPD) in Praia in April 1990. All but the airports on Brava and Santo Antão enjoy scheduled air service. The Cape Verde national football team, nicknamed either the Tubarões Azuis (Blue Sharks) or Crioulos (Creoles), is the national team of Cape Verde and is controlled by the Cape Verdean Football Federation. Cape Verde; People; Definitions. Historical volcanism (within human settlement) has been restricted to the island of Fogo. [1] Cape Verdean Creole or Kriolu is a dialect continuum of a Portuguese-based creole. Today, more Cape Verdeans live abroad (nearly a million) than in Cape Verde itself, with significant emigrant[62] Cape Verdean communities in the United States (500,000) of Cape Verdean descent, with a major concentration on the New England coast; Providence, Rhode Island, New Bedford, Massachusetts, Boston, Massachusetts. "[28] Among other achievements, it has been recognised with the following assessments: The Cape Verde archipelago is in the Atlantic Ocean, approximately 570 kilometres (350 mi) off the western coast of the African continent, near Senegal, The Gambia, and Mauritania, and is part of the Macaronesia ecoregion. People of the Cape Verde Islands: Exploitation and Emigration. Dec 21, 2015 - Images of the beautiful #people of #Cape Verde. Cape Verde is a founding member state of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP), also known as the Lusophone Commonwealth, and international organization and political association of Lusophone nations across four continents, where Portuguese is an official language. Brockton, Massachusetts is the city with the largest number of Cape Verdean descents and immigrants (18,832)[63] in the United States. [17] Cape Verde was the first stop of Charles Darwin's voyage with HMS Beagle in 1832. [16] Since 2007, Cape Verde has a special partnership status[22] with the EU, under the Cotonou Agreement, and might apply for special membership, even because the Cape Verdean escudo, the country's currency, is indexed to the Euro. Examples of this are singers Sara Tavares, Lura and Mayra Andrade. The media is operated by the Capeverdean News Agency (secondarily as Inforpress). [16], The major ports are Mindelo and Praia, but all other islands have smaller port facilities. Praia, on the southeast coast, is the largest city of the island and the largest city and capital of the country. [23] In 2011 Cape Verde ratified the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. On this cape - the westernmost point of continental Africa - lies Dakar, the capital of Senegal. The country is a socialist practicing a mixed economy, and there are state-operated enterprises such as public supply companies and the Society for Fish Purchasing and Marketing. The country is a horseshoe-shaped cluster of ten islands (nine inhabited) and eight islets,[33] that constitute an area of 4033 km2.[33]. Although located in Africa, Cape Verde has always had close relations with Europe. The life expectancy is currently at 65.8 years for men and 71.6 years for women. On the islands, there are over 22,000 foreign-born naturalized Cape Verdeans who hail from over 90 countries around the world, living and working in the country on a permanent basis. [61] The number of atheists is estimated at less than 1% of the population.[59]. As of October 2016[update], there were 69 secondary schools throughout the archipelago (including 19 private secondary schools) and at least 10 universities in the country which are based on the two islands of Santiago and São Vicente. Geologically, the islands, covering a combined area of slightly over 4,033 square kilometres (1,557 square miles), are principally composed of igneous rocks, with volcanic structures and pyroclastic debris comprising the majority of the archipelago's total volume. Most Cape Verdeans are therefore mulattos, also called mestiços in Portuguese. It lies about … There is a substantial body of literature in Creole, especially in the Santiago Creole and the São Vicente Creole. Vegetables available during most of the year are potatoes, onions, tomatoes, manioc, cabbage, kale, and dried beans. Cape Verde has cold storage and freezing facilities and fish processing plants in Mindelo, Praia, and on Sal. The team has played at two Africa Cup of Nations, in 2013 and 2015.[77]. [citation needed] Members of the National Assembly are elected by popular vote for 5-year terms. These umbria areas are identified with cool and moisture. Top cabo-verde Baby Names Alphbetically With Meaning & Gender . As part of this strategy, Cape Verde is participating in the Ibero-American academic mobility programme that expects to mobilize 200,000 academics between 2015 and 2020. The HIV-AIDS prevalence rate among Cape Verdeans between 15 and 49 years old is 0.8%.[68]. [33], Cape Verdean social and cultural patterns are similar to those of rural Portugal. In February 2001, the PAICV-supported presidential candidate Pedro Pires defeated former MPD leader Carlos Veiga by only 13 votes. See more ideas about cape verde, cape, cape verdean. [59] There is a small Muslim community. Sal, Boa Vista and Maio have a flat landscape and arid climate, whilst the other islands are generally rockier and have more vegetation. [59] For a minority of the population, Catholicism is syncretized with African influences. The mean years of schooling of adults over 25 years is 12. Th… [16] It also participates in most international conferences on economic and political issues. For other uses, see. Famous poets include Paulino Vieira, Manuel de Novas, Sergio Frusoni, Eugénio Tavares, and B. Léza, and famous authors include Baltasar Lopes da Silva, António Aurélio Gonçalves, Manuel Lopes, Orlanda Amarílis, Henrique Teixeira de Sousa, Arménio Vieira, Kaoberdiano Dambará, Dr. Azágua, and Germano Almeida. The genetic mixture resulting from centuries of migration can still be clearly seen in the appearance of some individuals: It is not unusual to encounter dark-skinned people with blond hair and blue eyes or children with fair skin and jet black hair. 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