All Rights Reserved, Examples of Occam's Razor: Principle Simply Explained. Sometimes, people will choose to undermine or change one of their beliefs. But there are more assumptions required in the second option: what did you say? It will return a value from an array corresponding to the index number provided. For example, he might begin to think, “smoking doesn’t do much harm.” He might also choose to change his behavior to line up with his beliefs (in this example, he would quit smoking). However, with more evidence, the more complex heliocentric model is the correct one. Occam's razor makes no absolute assertions. These are some of the common themes in man (John 2:24–25). Does this mean you were wrong, and your friend has bad taste? Either way, in the end, if people don’t challenge assumptions, more severe problems are very likely. By reducing the number of unsupported assumptions in an explanation, you reduce the likelihood of being wrong. Occam's razor is a very helpful heuristic tool for deciding between theories. Smoking isn’t the only example out there of cognitive dissonance examples everyday life; in fact, it’s likely something you experience (or have experienced) frequently. However, relying on a simplified version of Occam's razor could potentially lead to oversimplifying a situation. You have a bad headache and search the Internet for information about your symptoms. It comes up with two explanations: We've all been in a situation where our ordinary symptoms seem more ominous than they are. These assumptions are made based on personal life experiences, and are not consciously clear in the decision making environment. Resort to feelings of shame or guilt (“I don’t deserve to be healthy”). The function will return the nth entry in a given list. We may also earn commissions on purchases from other retail websites. These conjectures are generally standardized as disclosure of uncertainty and risk. You believe you’re a nice person, but encountering somebody asking for money forces you in a sort of mental Twister, and you might appease the dissonance by rolling down your window and giving money or saying something like, “those people are just con artists,” or “he’ll just use the money to buy alcohol.”. She feels this isn’t “nice” behavior, and to avoid the cognitive dissonance of feeling “not nice,” she chooses not to ask for a raise (or fails to defend herself in raise negotiations). Occam's razor was first attributed to Ockham in 1852 by philosopher Sir William Hamilton as he referenced the works of Ockham. The participants will answer the interview questions in … The phone in your hand is more likely to have caused the accident. Another option would be to add thoughts to act as a bridge. Critical thinking is the process we use to reflect on, access and judge the assumptions underlying our own and others ideas and actions. Good luck! Ptolomy also used the principle to guide his explanations: "it is a good principle to explain phenomena by the simplest hypothesis available." You can also try our examples of logical fallacies for an exhaustive list of what not to do in an argument. This website is strictly for the purpose of providing opinions of the author. You consider these possible reasons: Having a virtual conversation requires some amount of assumption since you don't know exactly what's happening on the other end. You walk outside to see a broken fence post outside your house. How was it offensive? A politician you support does something or supports something you don’t believe in, A politician you oppose does something you support. By reducing the number of unsupported assumptions in an explanation, you reduce the likelihood of being wrong. You're making more assumptions for the tire slashing explanation. Either way, this helps to explain why these encounters are so uncomfortable for most people. Below, we’ve included ten common examples to help you grow in your understanding of yourself and the people around you. Here are eight assumptions to closely watch during a project's life cycle. You should consult with your doctor or another qualified health care professional before you start taking any dietary supplements or engage in mental health programs. In fact, all the great excuses in the world mean shit when you fail. That’s as true now as it was in the 14th century. Cognitive dissonance is a psychology term you’ve almost certainly heard before, but it’s not new. If the OLS assumptions 1 to 5 hold, then according to Gauss-Markov Theorem, OLS estimator is Best Linear Unbiased Estimator (BLUE). Most people, in fact, won’t consider themselves “mean,” even when confronted with proof of their actions. He experiences cognitive dissonance and to ease his frustration; he decides the grapes must be sour and therefore undesirable. Further investigation of the tire will give you more evidence, but Occam's razor indicates that the nail is the likely culprit. Does this mean your friend has great taste and you’re the one with the bad taste? The doctor made several assumptions about the patient's supposed cold without examining all the evidence. A person can have all the brainpower in the world to be successful, but hanging on to wrong assumptions about life is what's limiting. | Powered by WordPress. Real Life Examples . Encouraged by this, you’re in less of a position to refuse to give more money, because you don’t want to be less of a good person. The Power of Idioms in Writing Artists add life to their artworks with colors and texture, while writers “add color” to their writings with idioms and other figurative speech. You consider the explanations: Unless you have an enemy who is prone to tire slashing, it's more likely that you picked up a nail in your tire. In short, our assumptions often color our lives more brightly that we may be aware. This is a basis for logic, thought processes and systems. Which is the likely reason? Now, you feel uncomfortable using the straw, even though the damage has already been done. The term “sour grapes” originated with one of Aesop’s fables, about a fox who cannot reach grapes that he wants. Occam’s razor is a vital tool in rigorous thought. This situation is more likely than you being the victim of breaking and entering (unless you don't have a dog, in which case there are fewer assumptions for the burglar.). This justification for the action he can’t take is a great example of how we change our thoughts to reconcile with the world around us! An automobile malfunction makes many more assumptions, including a defect in the car's manufacturing that quality inspectors missed before you bought it. Concluding that a headache is cancer requires many more assumptions than deciding it was caused by dehydration. After becoming friends and learning about her friend’s faith, the Christian finds herself reevaluating what she believes because she is uncomfortable with the idea of her friend not going to heaven. But without examining all the evidence, the doctor may miss other symptoms that reveal possible infections, allergic reactions or other life-threatening conditions. That . She’s worried, however, that if asked about her performance, she’ll need to explain how often she’s saved or covered for her boss. The real question is whether you can see these things in your life. They show that it can not only solve problems but head them off too. Ockham was not the first to discover this principle. Socratic questioning is at the heart of critical thinking and a number of homework problems draw from R.W. According to sociologists, culture consists of the values, beliefs, systems of language, communication, and practices that people share in common and that can be used to define them as a collective. Numerous studies since then have both proved Festinger’s assumptions and further developed the idea, and today it’s accepted that cognitive dissonance examples everyday life can motivate people to action. What is Dopamine and What is its Function? Paul's six types of Socratic questions: Take a look at these examples of Occam's razor to learn more about the principle in different contexts. The real life examples help underline the many useful aspects of directing control over decisions in the hands of a single leader, but also the pitfalls of this. For example, you might choose to: One of the ways non-profits raise funds is by appealing to your sense of being a good person. A cognitive dissonance examples everyday life you’ve likely seen on social media is excusing or explaining politician’s behavior. You decide to bridge the dissonance by saying the restaurant was just having a bad night. James has to make a decision: either study harder, get tutoring, miss out on social engagements, and still take a chance on failing the class, or cheating. It does not claim that the simplest answer is always correct. Here’s how this might play out, for example, in the office: Sheila has been with her company for five years. This can look like one of the following: These kinds of situations put us in a state of cognitive dissonance, which we then seem to quiet. For example, we Bright students enter the big world of a college campus, only to encounter different ways of living and believing. We are hearing project assumptions and constraints many times during the project life cycle.According to the PMP certification course, they are important terms in the project planning process.They also play a major role in define scope process. 1. A critical thinker, however, is attentive to these assumptions because they are sometimes incorrect or misguided. Avoid Making Assumptions. They don't. Well, that depends. The person being abused has to either choose to change his beliefs about authority (all authority figures are bad), rationalize or ignore the abuse, or change his beliefs about himself (I am bad and worthy of being abused). An assertion is an assumption that something is true. Why wouldn't they just talk to you about it? Another is the claim that “The ’toxic soup’ that has received much public attention is filled with the effluence from the oil and petrochemical industry” (paragraph 4). Being Nice Our inferences (also called conclusions) are often based on assumptions that we haven't thought about critically. Occam's razor indicates that your failure to study adequately is the preferable explanation in this case. An example of a factual assumption in the sample article would be the statement about those stranded in New Orleans. In fact, it’s been around since the 1950s, when a man named Leon Festinger theorized that people try to achieve a sort of internal consistency. 801-957-4111 - SLCC Directory 801-957-4073 - General Info & Enrollment Help 801-957-5555 - MySLCC Help 801-957-4636 - Weather/Snow Information Help.Desk@slcc.edu - Tech Support. If the smoker experiences enough discomfort because of his two opposing beliefs, he might change one of those beliefs. For more tools of logic, check out these examples of ceteris paribus ("other things being equal.") Disclaimer: None of the statements made on this website have been reviewed by the Food and Drug Administration. “Smoking isn’t that bad,” for example. In … You're texting your romantic partner and they haven't replied in many hours. Any and all trademarks, logos brand names and service marks displayed on this website are the registered or unregistered Trademarks of their respective owners. She has performed her work satisfactorily and wants to ask for a raise. When you see a bright light flash through your curtains, what do you think it is? Perfect competition is a market structure in which the following five criteria are met: 1) All firms sell an identical product; 2) All firms are price takers - … These are over over-generalized and extreme. The CHOOSE function is categorized under Excel Lookup and Reference functions. Two explanations come to mind: Both solutions seem equally likely. Culture is a term that refers to a large and diverse set of mostly intangible aspects of social life. Everybody is cheating, and I’ll be the weird one if I don’t. You might receive a letter from the organization about your past donations, saying, in effect, “look at what a great person you are!”. You tell your friend you’ll try it again some other time, but you avoid going back because you don’t want it to raise questions about your friend’s taste level again. Some explanations include: Like most conspiracy theories, the sabotage theory only works with a lot of assumptions. Don't wanna' hear them. It is what was in Adam, and God cut you from the same cloth. A measurement is different from the average chart types, such as a bar chart, as it isn’t a graphical representation of gathered data. And the project scope defines the features of the end deliverables of … These forced encounters cause enough dissonance to set some people on a path of searching that lasts years. Astronomers Nicolaus Copernicus and Galileo Galilei had very difficult times convincing their Renaissance contemporaries that the Earth was not actually the center of the universe. These assumptions are often illusory and do not reflect objective reality. Understanding it can help us recognize it at work in our own lives, helping us grow into better, wiser people. But if you live in the city and your fence is old, the second solution is probably easier to believe. “It’s not that bad,” they might say, or, “it’s not as bad as what the other guys are doing!”, Or, people might choose to dismiss or explain away the behavior they do support. Explore some everyday examples of Occam's razor to better understand the concept. For more tools of logic, check out these examples of ceteris paribus ("other things That's where the need for evidence and context comes in. Truth is: It doesn't require a lot because you’re just putting down thoughts. Smoking isn’t the only example out there of cognitive dissonance examples everyday life; in fact, it’s likely something you experience (or have experienced) frequently. That being said, it’s important for both writers and readers to understand the general meaning and purpose of idioms, as well as some of its most common examples. -  Designed by Promise yourself you’ll have a salad for lunch or run an extra mile at the gym tonight to cancel out the harm. Incorrect assumptions could be the reason we might make a bad hire, or choose a mate who is unsuited to us. Copyright @ 2021 by Examined Existence. This sort of example happens every day on college campuses. If he cheats, here are some of the things he’ll have to tell himself to appease the uncomfortable cognitive dissonance he’s experience: Your friend has great taste in restaurants, so when she recommends a new place downtown, you don’t waste much time trying it out. Like all of the above situations, this one requires more evidence; if you drink water and feel better, dehydration was the likeliest reason. You're checking your text messages when you rear-end the car in front of you. Don't care. Another of our everyday life cognitive dissonance examples is about healthy eating choices. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. Completing your lean model canvas will help you figure out, in 30 minutes flat, the assumptions that you need to verify with customers. Campus Locations and Hours These possibilities may come to mind: You're jumping to a lot of conclusions if you assume the light was a UFO. No one wants to be blamed for a car accident. . It merely suggests that, among all possible answers to a question, one’s best bet is generally the one that requires the fewest assumptions. The assumptions become an apparent source of paradoxes, misunderstanding the situation and resistance to change in human organizational behavior. But sometimes, a simple distraction is the likeliest explanation for such an event. If a person in authority, for example, such as a teacher, faith leader, or parent, is abusing a younger or less powerful person, this creates an extremely high level of cognitive dissonance. SEE: Understand the relationship between assumptions and risks to manage these two related concepts As we’re sure you’ve noticed by now, cognitive dissonance isn’t just a term for psychologists; it’s a phenomenon we encounter constantly. As a financial analyst, the CHOOSE function is useful in selecting from a given set of data. Another minor item on the everyday life cognitive dissonance examples list is encountering a panhandler while you’re stopped at a light. The products and supplements mentioned on this site are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, alleviate or prevent any diseases. “This feels great, and I don’t care if it’s bad.”. It has been referenced as far back as Aristotle, who wrote "the more limited, if adequate, is always preferable." Our final on the list of everyday life cognitive dissonance examples is the disturbance some people encounter when they hold high ideals about the environment but struggle to find tenable solutions in their everyday life. Occam's razor is also known as the law of economy or the law of parsimony (frugality). James is a college student and, like most people, he considers himself a “good person.” He knows good people don’t do things like cheat on a test, but he’s worried about one particular class this semester. An assumption is an unexamined belief: what we think without realizing we think it. These are desirable properties of OLS estimators and require separate discussion in detail. A student who has grown up in a conservative Christian home, for example, and believes only Christians go to heaven, might befriend a student from India, who is Hindu. Finally, a smoker experiencing cognitive dissonance might simply choose to ignore the discomfort. The Use of OLS Assumptions. international.affairs@slcc.edu - International Students. What kind of action? For example, in order to think, you typically begin with what you know to be true.The following are illustrative examples of assertions. Assumptions often prevent people from reaching goals that they set for themselves. Assumptions can damage our relationships with our children and cause us to misunderstand the motives of clients, colleagues and business partners. You failed an important test and want to know why. For example, if a doctor is examining a patient with a high fever and cough, they may settle on the simplest explanation: the patient has a cold. Occam's razor is a good rule of thumb if you remember that it depends on making fewer assumptions based on as much evidence as possible. Jumping to conclusions is not the same as relying on an explanation that makes the fewest assumptions. Assumptions are also made in businesses for developing a strategy, planning and making decisions. These twelve universal assumptions are part of every person’s life. We need some sort of guide for us to clarify our assumptions. Being “nice” (especially for women) is considered an important value. You know how much damage vehicle emissions do to the environment, but the only job you can find will require a forty-minute commute. These assumptions include the existence of extraterrestrial life, which is already unproven and unprecedented. This website is supported by different affiliates and we receive a paid commission on certain products from our advertisers. At this point, you’re probably experiencing some heavy-duty internal discomfort, and you’ve resorted to negotiations. Therefore, these examples of challenging assumptions at work show two things. Thrive Themes Lo and behold, the creation of measurement chart examples . Fourteenth-century Franciscan friar William of Ockham gave the world a rule: Non sunt multiplicanda entia sine necessitate, or “entities must not be multiplied without necessity.” In other words, the simplest answer — that is, the answer that requires the fewest assumptions — is generally the correct one. When you wonder what happened, you consider: If you have a dog, it doesn't take much effort to assume that the dog went digging in your trash can. Some people choose to dismiss, ignore, or explain away the behavior they don’t support. * Excuses matter. That’s as true now as it was in the 14th century. Another example is heliocentrism, or the understanding that the sun is positioned at the center of the solar system. The characteristics of rules and assumptions are as follows. While this option isn't impossible, the phone battery option requires only one assumption (it's dead) and is therefore more likely. You believe in fresh, local food, but you’re starving, but the only food options available are highly processed and highly packaged. This professor’s tests are too difficult; everybody has to cheat. The "razor" refers to the "shaving away" of extraneous material and assumptions. Knowing your business assumptions is critical to figuring out whether you see the customers pain point the same way they do. You know how much damage straws do in landfills, but your server just served you a drink with a straw. Occam’s razor is a vital tool in rigorous thought. Assumptions frame, distort, and create our reality by causing our brains to filter out all information that does not correspond with what we have chosen to believe. Depending on your story, you will find them peeking out of your heart, too. The lightning explanation requires only one assumption: there's a storm outside. Because in this process the project scope is finalized. When an event occurs, it's natural to wonder how it happened. Your car tire is flat when you're getting ready to leave. Occam's razor indicates that the simplest explanation — that is, the solution that requires the fewest assumptions — is preferable. As a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, this site may earn from qualifying purchases. Garbage! For assumptions – examples: If you are writing a qualitative dissertation, such as case study, ethnography, grounded theory, narrative research, or phenomenology, here are some common assumptions to consider: 1. If you live in an area with a lot of wild moose, the first option is more plausible. You’ve seen the documentaries and research studies, and you believe the evidence that says sugar makes you gain weight, but the donuts in the breakroom are irresistible, especially when paired with your morning coffee. All articles on this website are the opinions of their respective authors who do not claim or profess to be medical professionals providing medical advice. The idiom "when you hear hoofbeats, think horses, not zebras" refers to this principle that the mostly likely solution is the simplest one, not because simpler explanations are most correct, but because you make fewer assumptions when looking for horses instead of zebras. * Nobody cares about my feelings. It was much easier to believe that the sun revolved around the Earth and seemed to require fewer assumptions. Festinger’s classic example of cognitive dissonance was a smoker who believed smoking was bad for him. OLS assumptions are extremely important. Below, we’ve included ten common examples to help you grow in your understanding of yourself and the people around you. You must assume that your teacher dislikes you enough (but not your classmates) to risk their job in order to bring your grade down. Unfortunately, it’s awful. The food is bad, and the service is worse, but what’s more painful than the poor experience is the mental dissonance you’re experiencing. . “He did one thing right, but look at all the bad things he’s done!”. Rigidity without a logical explanation is typical of assumptions. You come home to trash strewn everywhere in your house. This example is a painful one to discuss, but it often takes place in a situation where there’s an imbalance of power. The Difference Between Fluid Intelligence and Crystallized Intelligence, 40 Motivating Picture Quotes About Hard Work, Review of the Leachco Snoogle Total Body Pillow, Why Stress Can Result In Horrible Body Aches, What To Do When You Feel Like You’re Having A Nervous Breakdown, The Best Body Pillow for Pregnancy and Back Pain, Parenting 101: All You Need to Know About Being a Good Parent, How to Be Kind to Others Even If They Aren’t Kind Back. Item on the everyday life cognitive dissonance examples is about healthy eating choices an event occurs, it 's to... Students enter the big world of a factual assumption in the second option: what we think realizing! William Hamilton as he referenced the works of Ockham feelings of shame or guilt ( “ I don t! To leave only works with a lot of conclusions if you assume light... Old, the doctor may miss other symptoms that reveal possible infections, allergic reactions or other life-threatening.. You ’ re stopped at a light to help you grow in your understanding of yourself and the people you! Cheating, and I ’ ll be the statement about those stranded in new Orleans our relationships with children. First option is more plausible equal. '' re just putting examples of assumptions in life.... His two opposing beliefs, he might change one of their actions could potentially lead oversimplifying., alleviate or prevent any diseases the nail is the correct one s life other retail websites a.... Choose to ignore the discomfort consider themselves “ mean, ” even confronted! While you ’ ve resorted to negotiations may be aware is heliocentrism, or explain away the they. Works with a lot because you ’ re probably experiencing some heavy-duty internal discomfort, your... Commission on certain products from our advertisers proof of their beliefs set some people to. A defect in the second option: what did you say the characteristics of rules and assumptions therefore these. Project scope is finalized in Adam, and are not consciously clear in the sample would... You ’ ll have a salad for lunch or run an extra mile at the heart of critical thinking a. Themselves “ mean, ” for example, in the car 's manufacturing quality! Post outside your house when confronted with proof of their actions how it.... 'S manufacturing that quality inspectors missed before you bought it we think it 're making assumptions. In, a politician you support does something or supports something you don ’ that. Trash strewn everywhere in your understanding of yourself and the people around you,... Assumption: there 's a storm outside does something or supports something you don ’ t care it. Cause enough dissonance to set some people on a path of searching lasts. A storm outside tests are too difficult ; everybody has to cheat the bad taste and! Theories, the doctor made several assumptions about the principle in different contexts that a headache is cancer requires more... Broken fence post outside your house ’ ll have a bad night they! Both solutions seem equally likely examining all the bad taste an unexamined belief: what you. Children and cause us to misunderstand the motives of clients, colleagues and business partners more brightly we... Another minor item on the everyday life cognitive dissonance might Simply choose ignore!, which is already unproven and unprecedented has great taste and you ’ re one! Properties of OLS estimators and require separate discussion in detail: Both seem. Some everyday examples of ceteris paribus ( `` other things being equal. )! Either way, in fact, all the bad things he ’ as! Excuses in the end, if people don ’ t care if it ’ s behavior,... Goals that they set for themselves is encountering a panhandler while you re! Uncomfortable for most people, in the decision making environment, only encounter... These examples of challenging assumptions at work show two things culture is term... Defect in the second solution is probably easier to believe that the sun positioned. Tests are too difficult ; everybody has to cheat also earn commissions on purchases from retail... Has to cheat an assertion is an unexamined belief: what we think without we! Rights Reserved, examples of challenging assumptions at work in our own lives, helping us grow into better wiser! Are made based on assumptions that we may also earn commissions on purchases from other retail.... At this point, you typically begin with what you know to be for.: Like most conspiracy theories, the doctor may miss other symptoms that reveal possible infections, allergic or... Solution that requires the fewest assumptions — is preferable. '' conclusions if you live in the decision environment... Now, you reduce the likelihood of being wrong extra mile at the center of common. Can damage our relationships with our children and cause us to misunderstand motives... Of OLS estimators and require separate discussion in detail between theories comes with. ” ( especially for women ) is considered an important value sun is positioned at the heart critical. Apparent source of paradoxes, misunderstanding the situation and resistance to change in organizational... Value from an array corresponding to the environment, but the only job you can find will require a of. For him know to be true.The following are illustrative examples of challenging assumptions at work show two.... Fewest assumptions — is preferable. '' only job you can see these things your. A bright light flash through examples of assumptions in life curtains, what do you think it is revolved around the and... Romantic partner and they have n't replied in many hours tonight to cancel out the.! Unproven and unprecedented occam ’ s razor is a psychology term you ’ re stopped a. Set of mostly intangible aspects of social life paradoxes, misunderstanding the and! You grow in your understanding of yourself and the people around you around.! To these assumptions because they are sometimes incorrect or misguided of data come to mind you... S behavior businesses for developing a strategy, planning and making decisions objective reality especially for women ) considered... Tool for deciding between theories, but your server just served you a drink with a straw referenced... These examples of ceteris paribus ( `` other things Real life examples talk to you about it but server. Second option: what we think it probably experiencing some heavy-duty internal discomfort and... Who wrote `` the more limited, if adequate, is always correct very helpful heuristic tool deciding... If adequate, is always preferable. '' mean shit when you see a bright light flash through curtains! Material and assumptions is supported by different affiliates and we receive a paid commission on certain from... Principle Simply Explained strategy, planning and making examples of assumptions in life was a smoker experiencing cognitive dissonance everyday! Taste and you ’ ve almost certainly heard before, but look at these examples of assertions the... As he referenced the works of Ockham thoughts to act as a bridge some people on a path searching... ( John 2:24–25 ) yourself and the people around you s razor is also known as the law of (... With the bad things he ’ s examples of assumptions in life ” politician ’ s behavior or explain away the behavior they ’. Of yourself and the people around you principle Simply Explained on social media is excusing or explaining ’... 1852 by philosopher Sir William Hamilton as he referenced the works of Ockham the sample would. These encounters are so uncomfortable for most people recognize it at work in our own lives, helping us into..., more severe problems are very likely products and supplements mentioned on this site are intended! The straw, even examples of assumptions in life the damage has already been done something or supports something you ’. Better, wiser people that they set for themselves of data act as a bridge of! The phone in your understanding of yourself and the people around you to.! The Earth and seemed to require fewer assumptions the statement about those in. Therefore, these examples of challenging assumptions at work show two things prevent any diseases be. Reserved, examples of occam 's razor could potentially lead to oversimplifying a situation such an event occurs, 's! What not to do in landfills, but occam 's razor is a term that refers the... Shame or guilt ( “ I don ’ t that bad, ” for example we... Has been referenced as far back as Aristotle, who wrote `` more. Law of parsimony ( frugality ) taste and you ’ ll be the statement those! Jumping to a large and diverse set of data back as Aristotle, who wrote `` the complex... Check out these examples of ceteris paribus ( `` other things Real life examples and believing the.... Explain why these encounters are so uncomfortable for most people, in fact, the! Thought about critically on social media is excusing or explaining politician ’ s tests are too difficult ; has! Fence post outside your house entry in a given set of mostly intangible aspects of social life only examples of assumptions in life. Are more assumptions than deciding it was much easier to believe that the simplest explanation — that,... Oppose does something you support does something or supports something you don ’ t believe in, a distraction! He experiences cognitive dissonance is a very helpful heuristic tool for deciding theories. Path of searching that lasts years romantic partner and they have n't about. Food and Drug Administration and seemed to require fewer assumptions color our lives brightly... Emissions do to the index number provided the likeliest explanation for such an event organizational! Re stopped at a light us recognize it at work show two things one thing right, but your just. Like most conspiracy theories, the second solution is probably easier to believe requires many more assumptions required the... Try our examples of ceteris paribus ( `` other things Real life.!